New Technologies of the Development of a Code of Bioethics

Authors

  • Alexandr Anatolievich Mokhov
  • Yury Alexandrovich Svirin
  • Vladimir Aleksandrovich Gureev
  • Natalya Semenovna Posulikhina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15923

Keywords:

bioethics, biolaw, biotechnologies, Code of Bioethics, ethics of high technology, law.

Abstract

The article examines the main challenges and threats to humankind caused by the New Technological
Revolution. Due to the development of genetic, information, and other technologies closely related to
personal and family data and the intervention of state and society into the physical and spiritual spheres of
individuals and families, a significant role in making political, managerial, and other decisions is played
by civil society institutions. This includes procedures for the ethical and legal assessment (examination) of
new technologies. During the rapid development of bioeconomics and the digital economy, both traditional
(legislative norms) and non-traditional (norms of ethics, bioethics, and ethics of high technology) sources
of law are gaining importance. In Russia, the issues of legal and ethical support for scientific, innovative,
and other types of economic activity are still being formed. Following the path of innovative development,
several developed economies adopted legal norms, legal institutions, and special laws to implement national
biopolicies. Methods: The authors of the article used general scientific methods (sociological, systemic,
structural, and functional), the method of theoretical analysis, and special scientific methods (comparativelegal
and technical-legal analysis, specification, and interpretation). The methodological basis of the research
was laid by the theory of knowledge. Objective: The article aims to substantiate the need to adopt a Code
of Bioethics. This document should determine the foundations of biopolitics, its basic principles, objects,
structures, and other constitutive features (characteristics). Results: The study has substantiated the need for
developing and adopting the Law “On Bioethics” and, subsequently, the Code of Bioethics.

Author Biographies

Alexandr Anatolievich Mokhov

Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL), Russia

Yury Alexandrovich Svirin

Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor at the Civil Procedural Law and bailiff Organization Department of the All-Russian State University of Justice, Russia, Member of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Russia, Academician of the Academy of Fundamental Sciences, Russia

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Gureev

PhD (Law),Lecturer of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL), Russia

Natalya Semenovna Posulikhina

PhD (Medical), Department of Medical Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow, Russia

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Mokhov, A. A. ., Svirin, Y. A. ., Gureev, V. A. ., & Posulikhina, N. S. . (2021). New Technologies of the Development of a Code of Bioethics. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 4019-4027. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15923

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