Distribution of Cleft Lip and Palate at Cleft Lip and Palate Center Medical Faculty, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia
Keywords:Cleft lip with or without palate, cleft palate, sex, side of cleft
Cleft lip and palate (CLP) and cleft palate (CP)are a common head and neck hereditary deformity. The high
number of cases has prompted the Medical Faculty, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang to start community
service by providing free surgery to repair cleft lip and palate (Cleft Lip and Palate Center Medical Faculty
of Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang (CLP MFUMM)).
Purpose: To find the distribution of cases from the year of surgery, sex, side of CL/P, cleft palate (CP),
hospital where the surgery was performed and parent education level in CLP MFUMM, from 2019 until
Patients and Methods: Two hundred and five consecutive cleft lip subjects, with or without palates, and
cleft palate attending CLP MFUMM from 2019 until 2020 were studied.
Results:The most surgeries done is at the year of 2019 (69%). Most of the patients were male (55%).
CL/P were the most frequent cases (94%). Complete cleft found mostly in male patient with left unilateral
cleft (23%), while incomplete cleft found mostly in female patient also with left unilateral cleft (7%). The
palate involvement found mostly in soft palate only and female patients (46%). The surgeries were mostly
performed at RSI Aisyiyah Malang (60%). The education level of the parents is mostly elementary school
(father 36%, mother 34%).
Conclusion: CL/P were the most frequent. Complete cleft mostly in male patient with left unilateral cleft,
while incomplete cleft mostly in female patient also with left unilateral cleft. The cleft palate was mostly
soft palate only and female patients.
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