Comparison of the Efficacy of Generation 1 and 2 Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with EGFR Positive Mutations

Authors

  • Suwandi
  • Laksmi Wulandari
  • Gatot Soegiarto

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15970

Keywords:

TKI EGFR, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Afatinib, NSCLC

Abstract

Background: The use of TKI generation 1 (Gefitinib, Erlotinib) and Generation 2 (Afatinib) has become the
standard therapy for JPIC pulmonary adenocarcinoma type with positive EGFR gene mutations.
Objective: to analyze the comparison of the efficacy of TKI generation 1 and 2 in NSCLC patients with
positive EGFR mutations.
Methods: The design of this study used a retrospective in which the participants who received EGFR therapy
for TKI generations 1 and 2 were compared its efficacy. Data collected included health-related quality of life
(HRQOL), body weight, performance status (PS), Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)
of thoracic CT, Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), progression free survival
(PFS) and overall survival (OS). The statistical analysis used was the independent t test, Mann Whitney test,
or Kruskal Wallis test with p <0.05.
Results: Most of the participants’ quality of life scores did not change before and after therapy, where the
EQ5D value was 67.5% (group 1 = 60.6%; Group 2 = 94.1%; p = 0.806). The participant’s weight decreased
by 49.5% (group 1 = 45.9%; group 2 = 60.0%; p = 0.658) and the participant’s PS was stable (group 1 =
29.4%; group 2 = 50.0%; p = 0.014). The RECIST value of the participant was progressive disease 51.0% (p
= 0.338). CTCAE differed in stomatitis (p <0.001), paronychia (p <0.001), and diarrhea (p <0.001). There
was no significant difference between the first and second groups in the PFS (p = 0.197) and OS (p = 0.740)
values.
Conclusion: EGFR therapy for TKI generations 1 and 2 have almost the same efficacy, in which there is no
significant difference in the quality of life of the participants.

Author Biographies

Suwandi

Resident, Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga –Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Laksmi Wulandari

Associate Professor, Thoracic Oncology Division, Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga – Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Gatot Soegiarto

Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga – Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Suwandi, Wulandari, L. ., & Soegiarto, G. . (2021). Comparison of the Efficacy of Generation 1 and 2 Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with EGFR Positive Mutations. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 4316-4324. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15970