Underweight among Children under TwoYears in Indonesia

Authors

  • Zahrotu Romadhon
  • Hario Megatsari
  • AgungDwi Laksono
  • Mursyidul Ibad

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15982

Keywords:

ecologicalanalysis, secondary data, under weight, under two years.

Abstract

Underweight, have an impact on low cognitive, productivity, and intellectual abilities in children. This
study aimed to analyze ecologically the factors related to underweight among children under two years in
Indonesia.The study conducted using secondary data from the Indonesia Ministry of Health official report.
Apart from the prevalence of underweight in children under two years, four other variables analyzed as
independent variables were the percentage of population passing Junior High School, poor population,
exclusive breastfeeding, and prevalence of low birth weight.Data were analyzed using cross-tabulation.
The results showed there was no relationship between the prevalence of underweight in children under two
years with the percentage of population passing Junior High School and the percentage of poor population.
Meanwhile, there is a positive relationship between the prevalence of low birth weight with the prevalence
of underweight in children under two years. The higher the prevalence of low birth weight, the higher the
prevalence of underweight in children under two years. Moreover, the study found the higher the percentage
of exclusive breastfeeding, the lower the prevalence of underweight in children under two years in a region.
The study concluded that ecologically two variables have an ecological relationship with the prevalence of
underweight in children under two years, namely the prevalence of low birth weight and the percentage of
exclusive breastfeeding.

Author Biographies

Zahrotu Romadhon

Magister Student, Master of Health Policy and Administration Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga,
Surabaya, Indonesia.

Hario Megatsari

Lecturer, Faculty of Public Health, UniversitasAirlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

AgungDwi Laksono

Researcher, National Institute of Health Research and Development, the Indonesia Ministry of Health, Jakarta,Indonesia

Mursyidul Ibad

Researcher, National Institute of Health Research and Development, the Indonesia Ministry of Health, Jakarta,Indonesia

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Romadhon, Z. ., Megatsari, H. ., Laksono, A. ., & Ibad, M. . (2021). Underweight among Children under TwoYears in Indonesia. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 4404-4409. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.15982

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