Effects of Smoking Cessation Program by Medications Use Reduction Tobacco Dependence Type Nicotine Gum and Vernonia Cinerea Lozenge with an Intensive Counseling and Behavioral Therapies at Home: A Case Study of Roi-Et Province
Keywords:smoking cessation program, medications use reduction tobacco dependence, nicotine gum, Vernonia cinerea, intensive counseling and behavioral therapies at home
Background: These guidelines were developed to assist patients who were addicted to cigarettes. Method:
This quasi-experimental research aimed to evaluate the effects of a smoking cessation program by use of
medications reduction tobacco dependence type nicotine gum and Vernonia cinerea lozenge via intensive
counseling and behavioral therapies at home. The samples were 93 smokers and divided into 3 groups; 2
experimental groups and control group were chosen by randomized controlled trial and consider by random
allocation method. Research instruments included a questionnaire and the smoking cessation program for 12
weeks. Data analysis consists of descriptive statistics, paired samples T-test and independent T-test. Results:
The results revealed that after implementation, in terms average levels of exhaled CO and %COHb compared
within the groups before experimental, points of prevalence abstinence (PAR) and continuous abstinence
(CAR) were statistically significant at p < 0.05. The comparative between groups based on PAR and CAR
were statistically significant at p < 0.05. However, the comparison of both groups was not significantly
different. In total, the percentage of successful smoking cessation on basis in the experimental phase of PAR
were 83.9, 67.7 and 32.3 respectively, and the percentage of CAR were 67.7, 54.8 and 25.8 respectively.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the effects of the smoking cessation program showed that the reduction of
exhaled CO, %COHb and the total of patients quitting smoke. The subjects who were already on the smoking
cessation program responded more positively to treatment of tobacco dependence by nicotine gum than
Vernonia Cinerea lozenge in cases of heavy smoking. However, collaborating with intensive counselling and
behavioral therapies at home would have increased the results of smoking cessation.
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