Microplastic Contents in Kijing Shells (Pilsbryoconchaexilis) in Tallo Makassarriver, Indonesia

Authors

  • Yuliati
  • Anwar Daud
  • Anwar Mallongi
  • Burhanuddin Bahar
  • Mukono
  • Mahatma Lamuru
  • Maming

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.16005

Keywords:

Microplastics, Kijing Shells (Pilsbryoconchaexilis), abundance, contamination

Abstract

Background : Plastic pollution in the aquatic environment has become a global concern because of its
detrimental impact on river and marine ecosystems. Plastic waste that breaks down into plastic particles of
microplastic size (less than 5 mm), allows fine particles to enter the food chain and leads to humans as top
predators in the food chain.
The purpose of this study was to determine the microplastic content of Kijing Shells (Pilsbryoconchaexilis)
in the Tallo Makassar River.
Methods: This type of research is observational with a laboratory approach using Minitab 16 software to
determine the microplastic content of Kijing Shell (Pilsbryoconchaexilis) in the Tallo Makassar River.
Results: The results of this study indicate that the abundance of microplastics in Kijing Shells
(Pilsbryoconchaexilis) at station I is 5.6 Mps/Ind, station II is 2.2 Mps/Ind and station III is 1.8 Mps/Ind.
For contaminants, station I was 100%, station II was 80% and station III was 60%. The most types of
microplastics were line and fragment types, while the most common microplastics found were red, blue and
gray.
Conclutions: Kijing Shells (Pilsbryoconchaexilis) originating from the Tallo River, Makassar contain
microplastics. The highest abundance of microplastics was at station I at 5.6 Mps/Ind, station II at 2.2 Mps/
Ind and station III at 1.8 Mps/Ind. For contaminants, station I was 100%, station II was 80% and station III
was 60%.

Author Biographies

Yuliati

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Indonesia,

Anwar Daud

Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin
University, Indonesia

Anwar Mallongi

Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin
University, Indonesia

Burhanuddin Bahar

Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Indonesia

Mukono

Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Indonesia,

Mahatma Lamuru


Faculty of Marine Science
and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia

Maming

Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin
University, Indonesia

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Yuliati, Anwar Daud, Anwar Mallongi, Burhanuddin Bahar, Mukono, Mahatma Lamuru, & Maming. (2021). Microplastic Contents in Kijing Shells (Pilsbryoconchaexilis) in Tallo Makassarriver, Indonesia. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(3), 4531-4538. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i3.16005

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