Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Post Exposure Prophylaxis Following Needle Stick Injury among B. Sc Nursing Students
Keywords:Knowledge, Needle stick injury, post exposure prophylaxis
Background and Objective: A needle stick injury is a percutaneous piercing wound typically set by a
needle point, but possibly also by other sharp instruments or objects. Needle stick injuries are more common
among health workers during night shifts, and for less experienced people, fatigue, high work load, high
pressure, or high perception of risk can all increase the chances of needle stick injury. The present study was
conducted with an Objective, to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge
regarding post exposure prophylaxis following needle stick injury among B. Sc Nursing students. Methods
and Materials: Approach was quantitative approach. The study design was Quasi experimental one group
pre test post test design. 157 samples were included in the study by using convenience sampling technique.
The knowledge of nursing students regarding post exposure prophylaxis following needle stick injury were
assessed before and after the implementation of education programme. The data was collected by using
semistructured knowledge questionnaire. Post test was done seven days after the intervention. Results:
Application of paired t test revealed a statistically significant increase in knowledge score regarding post
exposure prophylaxis following needle stick injury after the implementation of the education programme
(t= 9.40, p<0.001). There was a significant increase in the knowledge of each components of post exposure
prophylaxis also. Conclusion: Based on the study findings it was concluded that the education programme
was effective in improving the knowledge level of nursing students regarding post exposure prophylaxis
following needle stick injury.
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