Association between Gestational Diabetes and Proinflammatory Cytokine(IL-1β)


  • Abdullah F. Yousif
  • Raid M. H. Al-Salih
  • Alaa H. Al-Naser



Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) defined according to the (World Health Organization) as glucose
intolerance of varying degrees of severity with start or first recognition during pregnancy. This definition
applies whether or not insulin is needed and whether or not it disappears after pregnancy. It is not apply to
pregnant women with a pre-pregnancy diagnosis of T1DM or T2DM. This study included (150) pregnant
women in first trimester (9-13 weeks) of pregnancy, during follow up in [late second trimester and early
third trimester (24-28 weeks) of pregnancy], 75 of them diagnosed of GDM, and 75 of them without GDM
(Control group).

Author Biographies

  • Abdullah F. Yousif

    Assistant Lecturer, Department of Chemistry, Directorate of Education Thi Qar, Ministry of Education, Iraq

  • Raid M. H. Al-Salih

    Professor, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Thi-Qar, Iraq

  • Alaa H. Al-Naser

    Professor, Doctor Obstetricians and Gynecologists, College of Medicine, University of Thi-Qar, Iraq




How to Cite

Association between Gestational Diabetes and Proinflammatory Cytokine(IL-1β). (2021). Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 160-169.