Age Estimation by the Morphometric Analysis of Sternal End of Fourth Rib

Authors

  • Aditi Bhatnagar
  • Nirupma Gupta
  • Rachna Rohatgi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.16706

Keywords:

Fourth rib, Age estimation, Morphometric analysis.

Abstract

Estimating the age at death in the adult skeleton is problematic owing to the biological variability in age
indictors and the differential skeletal response to environmental factors over an individual’s life. While the
pubic symphysis and intracortical morphometry have provided successful results in estimating age at death,
other methods and sites in the skeleton are needed to improve the accuracy of age estimation. Present study
is an attempt to develop a new method for estimation of age from sternal end of fourth rib. Currently there
are different parameters available to determine the age of a person like study of teeth, ossification of bones
and other ancillary data, but the accurate reliability of these measures is only limited to a particular age
group i.e. 25± 5 years. For the age beyond this, many workers in different parts of the world have done their
studies to accurately determine the age of a person from the skeleton. A random study of 100 cases for age
estimation from sternal ends of the fourth ribs were carried out to estimate the age after death with minimal
error.

Author Biographies

Aditi Bhatnagar

Assistant Professor,  Department of Anatomy, SMS&R, Sharda University, Greater Noida, U.P.

Nirupma Gupta

Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, SMS&R, Sharda University, Greater Noida, U.P.

Rachna Rohatgi

Assistant Professor,Department of Anatomy, SMS&R, Sharda University, Greater Noida, U.P.

Published

2021-08-16

How to Cite

Aditi Bhatnagar, Nirupma Gupta, & Rachna Rohatgi. (2021). Age Estimation by the Morphometric Analysis of Sternal End of Fourth Rib. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 210-215. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.16706