The Correlation Study between Some Biochemical Parameters of 256 Covid-19 Cases Considering Diabetes


  • Ahmed Ab. Jabbar



Biochemistry,COVID-19,Diabetes, Kidney and liver injury, correlations


Background: Diabetic Mellitus is an independent risk factor in patients with coronavirus disease 2019
(COVID-19), but data on the association of diabetes, acute kidney injury, and COVID-19 severityare limited
to Middle East populations.
Materials and Methods: This cohort study aimed to investigate these associations in 256 patients
sequentially admitted between June 2020 and November 2020, at Emirati Hospital/Erbil. The investigation
included some main biochemical parameters including liver and kidney function tests. Data analysis was
processed by SPSS and the Pearson correlation pathway using log-converted data.
Results: Diabetic patients showed the highest correlations between measured parameters, of which glucose
level showed a positive correlation coefficient (0.13**) with C-reactive protein and other biochemical
parameters. Based on the glycemic status, COVID-19 patients were found in 3 groups, euglycemia group
with an abundance of 148 (57.81%),hyperglycemiapatients were 67 (26.17%), and 41 of them were diabetics
(16.01 %).
The Diabetic group showed a significantly (0.0002) increased level of C-reactive Protein and Glucose in
comparison with hyperglycemia [CRP 15.38 mg/dl vs 10.09mg/dl, glucose 429.75 mg/dl vs 160.62mg/
dl] with a Significantly (0.00374) higher mortality rate (29.26%) than that (10.44%), and (6.75%) of
hyperglycemia, and euglycemia, respectively.
Conclusion: Male COVID-19 cases showed higher correlations between the estimated parameters than
female cases. Diabetes was significantly associated with elevation of almost all kidney and liver function
parameters. Finally, diabetes followed by COVID-19 disease was related to severe complications and higher
mortality rates than nondiabetic COVID-19 cases.

Author Biography

Ahmed Ab. Jabbar

Lecturer, Medical Laboratory Techniques Department, Erbil Technical Health College, Erbil Polytechnic
University, Erbil, 44001, Iraq




How to Cite

Ahmed Ab. Jabbar. (2021). The Correlation Study between Some Biochemical Parameters of 256 Covid-19 Cases Considering Diabetes. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 277–287.