Health Beliefs Related to Breast Cancer and Breast Self- Examination among Indian Women: Effect of Educational Program
Keywords:Breast cancer, Breast self-examination, Educational intervention, Early Diagnosis, Follow up.
Background: Breast cancer is believed to be the most widespread carcinoma all over the world and the
most frequent type of carcinoma among females in India. Approximately 40% of breast lesions which lead
to breast cancer is detectable by breast self-examination (BSE). The identification of the barriers of early
detection and the baseline knowledge on breast cancer symptoms, risk factors, BSE method and also the
effectiveness of a health education intervention among females in Bangalore, India are the main purposes
of this research.
Methodology: The study was composed of totally 500 female participants from five different institutions in
urban and rural of Bangalore in 2020. Assessing baseline knowledge on breast cancer and BSE using selfadministered
questionnaires as well as administering interventional health education in the form of a lecture,
pamphlets and illustration of proper method of conducting breast self-examination using video tutorials.
Conclusion: The baseline knowledge about breast cancer and BSE practice among participants for early
detection was found to be insufficient. However, we witnessed a great progress after immediate and follow
up intervention. Periodic interventions are essential to prevent relapsing of certain types of barriers.
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