Hand Hygiene Compliance Behavior and Glove Use in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit During COVID-19 Pandemic

Authors

  • Bangkit Putrawan
  • Dominicus Husada
  • Parwati Setiono Basuki
  • Risa Etika
  • Ismoedijanto
  • Dwiyanti Puspitasari
  • Leny Kartina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.16811

Keywords:

hand-hygiene compliance, hand-gloves, pediatric intensive care unit, Covid-19 pandemic

Abstract

Background: The condition of Covid-19 pandemic potentially influences hand hygiene compliance as a
result of workload changes, increased awareness of healthcare workers (HCWs) and personal protective
equipment procedures, especially in terms of hand glove use,
Objective to know the adherence of healthcare workers at the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) to comply
with hand hygiene and glove use during the pandemic.
Methods An observational prospective study was carried out including all HCWs stationed at the PICU Dr
Soetomo General Hospital during January 2021. All participants were to sign an informed consent before
the study took place. A target of 500 opportunities was estimated during the observation, and recorded using
infra-red cameras placed at ten points. Hand hygiene compliances were evaluated according to the video
surveillance records by an independent auditor. Compliance was measured by dividing total number of
observed appropriate hand hygiene by the sum of opportunities. Data were analysed using Chi Square test
at a significance of p<0.05.
Results: A total of 28 HCWs were eligible for the study; 9 were excluded. The majority were female
(21; 75%), the mean age was 37.9 (SD 5.2) years. During 72 hours’ observation among 526 glove-use
opportunities 104 (19.7%) actual glove-use episodes were evident. The hand hygiene compliance was lower
(41.3%) when wearing gloves as compared to those with no glove use (68.2%) (p<0.001).

Author Biographies

Bangkit Putrawan

Resident in Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Dominicus Husada

Lecturer and Consultant in Paediatric Infection and Tropical Disease Division Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine,Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Parwati Setiono Basuki

Consultant in Paediatric Infection and Tropical Disease Division Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in Department of Child Health/ Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Risa Etika

Consultant in Paediatric Infection and Tropical Disease Division Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in Department of Child Health/ Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Ismoedijanto

Consultant in Paediatric Infection and Tropical Disease Division Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in Department of Child Health/ Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Dwiyanti Puspitasari

Consultant in Paediatric Infection and Tropical Disease Division Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in Department of Child Health/ Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Leny Kartina

Consultant in Paediatric Infection and Tropical Disease Division Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in Department of Child Health/ Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Published

2021-08-16

How to Cite

Bangkit Putrawan, Dominicus Husada, Parwati Setiono Basuki, Risa Etika, Ismoedijanto, Dwiyanti Puspitasari, & Leny Kartina. (2021). Hand Hygiene Compliance Behavior and Glove Use in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit During COVID-19 Pandemic. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 861-866. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.16811