Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension in Indonesia
Keywords:Risk factors, Hypertension, prevalence and determinants
It is estimated that there are 15 million people with Hypertension in Indonesia, but only 4% are controlled.
The prevalence of hypertension sufferers is relatively high, 7% to 22%. Prevention of Hypertension can be
done by eliminating or minimizing risk factors, one of which causes it, such as reducing salt consumption,
if not done, then there is a risk of Hypertension. This study aims to determine the risk factors with the
behaviour of Hypertension in Puskesmas. This research is a quantitative study with a cross-sectional method.
A sample of 225 respondents who visited/sought treatment at the health centre using Accidental Sampling
technique. Data analysis was performed using the chi-square test. The results showed that the factors
causing Hypertension were age, exercise habits, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, nutritional status,
sodium intake and stress. To reduce people suffering from Hypertension, the Puskesmas should be able to
provide information to the public about Hypertension and how to prevent it by doing health promotion or
counselling either individually or in groups.
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