Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension in Indonesia

Authors

  • Eny Dwimawati
  • Fitri Dian Nila Sari
  • Evamona Sinuraya
  • Purwaningsih

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.16846

Keywords:

Risk factors, Hypertension, prevalence and determinants

Abstract

It is estimated that there are 15 million people with Hypertension in Indonesia, but only 4% are controlled.
The prevalence of hypertension sufferers is relatively high, 7% to 22%. Prevention of Hypertension can be
done by eliminating or minimizing risk factors, one of which causes it, such as reducing salt consumption,
if not done, then there is a risk of Hypertension. This study aims to determine the risk factors with the
behaviour of Hypertension in Puskesmas. This research is a quantitative study with a cross-sectional method.
A sample of 225 respondents who visited/sought treatment at the health centre using Accidental Sampling
technique. Data analysis was performed using the chi-square test. The results showed that the factors
causing Hypertension were age, exercise habits, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, nutritional status,
sodium intake and stress. To reduce people suffering from Hypertension, the Puskesmas should be able to
provide information to the public about Hypertension and how to prevent it by doing health promotion or
counselling either individually or in groups.

Author Biographies

Eny Dwimawati

Researcher, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Ibn Khaldun Bogor, Indonesia.

Fitri Dian Nila Sari

Researcher, Nutrition Science Study Program, Nahdlatul Ulama University of North Sumatera,

Evamona Sinuraya

Researcher, Nursing Study Program, Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan, Indonesia

Purwaningsih

Researcher, Nursing Study Program, Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan, Indonesia

Published

2021-08-16

How to Cite

Eny Dwimawati, Fitri Dian Nila Sari, Evamona Sinuraya, & Purwaningsih. (2021). Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension in Indonesia. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 1065-1071. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.16846