Mandibular Foramen –The Peephole
Keywords:Mandibular Foramen, OPG, gender, dimensions, Superoinferior, AnteroPosterior.
Background: Forensic Odontology is a rapidly evolving branch of dentistry which deals with the
identification of an individual. In instances of deceased individual, establishing identity may still pose
difficulties depending upon the time that has elapsed since death. The oral structures can reliably be used
for establishing identity of the deceased as they are preserved for long after death. The mandibular foramen
is amongst the core structures & has been used for age estimation with reliable degree of accuracy using
radiographs which is a non-invasive and easily reproducible technique. Hence we decided to assess its
importance in establishing gender. Methods: Digital Orthopantomograph (OPG) were used for the study as
they are taken for all dental procedures and can be preserved as records and may facilitate comparison of
ante-mortem and post-mortem records. Various dimensions from the mandibular foramen were recorded.
Conclusion: We found statistically significant correlation of Anteroposterior and Posteroanterior dimensions
in position of mandibular foramen to gender.
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