Evaluation of Radiographic Findings in Children with Different Severity of Pneumonia Aged from 1 Month to 18 Years Old

Authors

  • Gholamreza Soleimani
  • Elham Shafighi Shahri
  • Saeedeh Yaghoubi
  • Fatemeh Akbarirad
  • Seyyed Masoud Sajjadi
  • Hamid Dahmardeh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.16875

Keywords:

Pneumonia; Radiographic changes; pediatrics.

Abstract

Objectives: to evaluate the relationship between different chest X-ray (CXR) radiologic findings in pediatric
patients admitted with different severity of pneumonia. Material and methods: The present descriptiveanalytical
cross-sectional study took place in Ali Ibn Abitaleb Hospital (Zahedan, Iran). Every pediatric
patient with the clinical diagnosis of pneumonia enrolled and the study population was divided into nonsevere,
severe, and very severe groups based on the world health organization criteria of pneumonia severity.
The CXR findings of every pediatric patient were reported and the correlation between the radiologic
findings and disease severity was evaluated. Results: A total of 352 patients with a mean age of 22.63
months enrolled and the majority of patients were male (212, 60.2%). The intensity of disease was nonsevere
in the majority of patients (279, 79.3%) and severe in 17.6%. There was a significant difference
between disease severity groups in terms of age (p<0.001) and radiographic findings (p<0.001). There was a
significant relationship between severe disease and age (p=0.002, OR=0.964, 95% CI for OR: 0.942, 0.986).
Moreover, there was a significant relationship between very severe disease and reticular pattern (p=0.042,
OR=9.543, 95% CI for OR: 1.086, 83.886). Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that CXR findings
in children with pneumonia are correlated with disease severity and consolidation and reticular patterns are
the important findings indicating disease severity in children.

Author Biographies

Gholamreza Soleimani

Associate Professor, Pediatric Infectious Disease, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Children and Adolescents Health Research Center, Ali-Ibn-Abitaleb Hospital, Zahedan, Iran

Elham Shafighi Shahri

Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

Saeedeh Yaghoubi

Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

Fatemeh Akbarirad

Pediatrics Assistant,Department of Pediatrics , Zehedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran,

Seyyed Masoud Sajjadi

Assistant Professor,Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan,Iran

Hamid Dahmardeh

Assistant Professor, Radiology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

Published

2021-08-16

How to Cite

Gholamreza Soleimani, Elham Shafighi Shahri, Saeedeh Yaghoubi, Fatemeh Akbarirad, Seyyed Masoud Sajjadi, & Hamid Dahmardeh. (2021). Evaluation of Radiographic Findings in Children with Different Severity of Pneumonia Aged from 1 Month to 18 Years Old. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 1217-1224. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.16875

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