Lipid Profile in Individuals under 50 Years of Age with Corneal Arcus
Keywords:Corneal arcus, Lipid profile, Patients, Serum
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate serum lipid levels in patients under 50 years of age
with corneal arcus. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on patients under
50 years of age referred to the ophthalmology clinic of Imam Reza Hospital in Ardabil who underwent
corneal arcus examination. Patients were enrolled in the study by census method.Information needed for
patients including age, sex, blood pressure, body mass index, history of smoking and alcohol consumption,
history of serum lipid lowering drugs using, Xanthelasma, history of cardiovascular disease and history of
cerebrovascular events through history and examinationwere collectedby checklist.The collected data were
entered into SPSS version 22 software and then analyzed. Results: A total of 59 cases were included in the
study. 36 (61%) of cases were male and 74.6% were overweight or obese. 50.8% of subjects had triglycerides
equal to or above 150 mg/dl. Additionally, 15.3% of cases with normal hyperlipidemia were using serum
lipid-lowering drugs. There was no significant relationship between age and blood lipid levels (p> 0.05). The
prevalence of corneal arcus was higher at older ages and in people with a higher Body Mass Index (BMI), but
this association was not statistically significant. The intensity of corneal arcus was not significantly related to
age, sex, serum lipid level and BMI (P> 0.05).Conclusion: The prevalence of corneal arcus increased with
age. The prevalence of overweight, obesity and abnormal lipid profiles (specially triglyceride cholesterol
levels) were remarkably but non-significantly high in our patients under 50 years of age with corneal arcus.
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