Human Carbon Footprint as the Basis for Determining Healthy Indoor Volume Dimensions


  • Harida Samudro
  • Sarwoko Mangkoedihardjo



Carbon footprint; indoor; volume unit; public space; personal room


This paper was presented to determine the volume unit of indoor based on the human carbon footprint. The
purpose of this approach was to formulate the ideal dimensions of an indoor, which was able to maintain
human health. The basis for determining the dimensions was adapted to tropical conditions. For users in
non-tropical areas, slight adjustments to temperature and ventilation may be required.Some examples of
indoor dimension evaluation and planning were presented in this paper. In general, it was obtained that the
indoor dimension could be found using the volume unit of a healthy room of3.0 m3/person/hour. The volume
unit was linear with the number of users and time of existence in the room. This contributed significantly to
people, who can easily and quickly find out the dimensions of space according to their needs.

Author Biographies

Harida Samudro

Researcher, Department of Architecture, State Islamic University of Malang, Malang, Indonesia

Sarwoko Mangkoedihardjo

Professor,Department of Environmental Engineering, InstitutTeknologiSepuluhNopember, Surabaya, Indonesia




How to Cite

Harida Samudro, & Sarwoko Mangkoedihardjo. (2021). Human Carbon Footprint as the Basis for Determining Healthy Indoor Volume Dimensions. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 1270–1275.