Evaluation of Oral Manifestations of Patients with Parkinson’s Disease–An Observational Study
Keywords:Parkinson’s Diseases, Oral Manifestations, Facial Asymmetry, Loss Of Taste.
Background: Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder which affects
around four million people globally.Many of the signs of Parkinson’s disease are found in the head and
neck. The typical “masklike” facial appearance with infrequent blinking and lack of expression is caused
by bradykinesis.. Abnormalities in oral behaviour, such as purposeless chewing, grinding, and sucking
movements, are also well recognized in patients with Parkinson’s disease.
Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the overall oral health status of the patients with
Parkinson’s disease and to analyze the impact of Parkinson’s disease on the oral cavity of the individuals
surviving with the disease.
Materials and Methods: The study sample included 50 Parkinson’s disease patients. The patients of all age
groups and both genders were included.
Results: Out of fifty patients. majority of the patient s were above 60 yrs. 6% of the patients reported with
Positive family history of Parkinson’s diseases.14% of the patients had gross facial asymmetry, 68% of the
patients showed dryness of mouth.8% of the patients suffered loss of taste.14% of the patients showed hyper
salivation. 54% of the patients showed gingivitis. And 76% of the patients were found having periodontitis.
Conclusion: Treatment for oral and dental problems of Parkinson’s disease affected patients is mandatory.
Treatment can be done by supplementing artificial saliva for dryness of mouth, dental fillings for dental
caries, periodic scaling for periodontal problems, oral rehabilitation measures and regular dental check up
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