Effects of Medical Hand Washing on Hand Flora among Staff Nurses
Keywords:Medical hand washing, hand flora, Hand hygiene, Health care providers.
Background: One of the leading causes of hospital associated infection is providing patient care with
contaminated hands as a result of transmission of microorganism from health care provider to patients
and others. Hand washing is the most important and simple act of reducing the spread of transmission of
infectious agent and reducing hand flora. Materials and Methods: The study was done to evaluate the
effects of medical hand washing on hand flora among staff nurses working in a selected hospital, Bengaluru.
One group time series design was used. Swabs were taken from a randomly selected sample of 25 nurses
working in medical ward for hand flora analysis. Results: Study results revealed that before hand washing
there were many colonies of hand flora were found. After medical hand washing there was a significant
reduction in the number of colonies of the hand floras between the pre-test mean (O1= 10.02) and post-tests
mean (O2= 4.23, O3 = 4.02 and O4 = 2.36) and was found to be statistically significant at H= 83.288 and
P value = 0.001. Conclusion: Medical hand washing is an effective technique to reducing the hand flora
among the staff nurses working in the different medical wards of hospital.
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