Comparative Analysis of Acute Physiological Responses between Short and Middle Distance Swimming Athletes with Physical Loading Test
Keywords:Swimming; Athletes; Pulse; Lactate; Power; Health
Indonesia’s swimming achievements are still far from that of other countries. Among other things, at the 2018
Asian Games, Indonesia did not succeed in getting a single medal. If not improved, Indonesia’s swimming
performance will get worse. One of the innovations is to identify the physical abilities and physiological
responses of an athlete through a physical loading test. This study aims to analyze the differences in acute
physiological responses between short and middle distance swimming athletes through continuous and
interval high intensity physical test. The sample of males aged 14-18 years consisted of the short distance
(n=12) and middle distance (n=12) swimmers. Participants did a high intensity physical test with an
ergocycle for 21 minutes with a 7-minute warm-up and 3-minute cool down, intervally, and without resting
for continuous test. The variables studied included resting pulse rate, blood lactate, leg and shoulder muscle
strength, arm andleg power. Data collected inbefore (pre) and after(post) physical test. The results showed
that the short distance swimmers had greater increase inlactate level and pulse rate in both physical tests.
The leg power decreased significantly in the short distance swimmer when performed continue physical test,
whereas the middle distance swimmer when performed interval physical test. The conclusion of this study
was to differ the leg power as acute physiology response for swimmers is more appropriate using continuous
or interval high intensity physical test. Based on these results, training program for swimmer type can be
developed. However, further research is still needed to enhance the swimmers performance.
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