A Prospective Study of Burn Deaths with Special Reference to Manner of Death and Duration of Survival
Keywords:burn deaths, manner of death, total body surface area, duration of survivl.
Around 0.2 million people are admitted in hospital due to burns, of which about 5000 people die every year.4
Extent of Total Body Surface Area involved is an important parameter, that affects the prognosis in case of
burn injury. The majority of fire related deaths are accidental, usually due to carelessness. Suicidal burns are
mostly seen in domestic situations and in females. Homicidal burns are rare; mostly accomplished to take
revenge or to conceal crime. So, this study was carried out with the aim to estimate the total body surface
area affected & duration of survival / hospital stay and to find out the manner of death in burn cases.
It was found that 79.00% cases had burn injuries covering 60– 100% of the total body surface area (TBSA).
Maximum percentage of burns was seen in females (30.00% cases) with TBSA of 80-90%. 95% cases were
hospitalized with 75.00% having the hospitalization period of 1 – 10 days and maximum number of cases
(33%) survived for a period of 3 to 5 days. In most of the cases (64.00%), the manner of death was accidental
followed by suicidal (34.00%), with only 2% cases of homicidal burns.
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