Homesickness, Anxiety and Depression among Pakistani International Students in Indonesia during Covid-19 Outbreak

Authors

  • Shahzad Shoukat
  • Cyuzuzo Callixte
  • Theresia Indah Budhy
  • Jusak Nugraha
  • Tuyishimire Irene

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17077

Keywords:

Covid-19, Pakistani International Students, Mental Health Crisis, Indonesia

Abstract

Introduction: International students are exposed to multiple mental health crisis due to social, environmental
and culture shocks in foreign lands but it gets worse in presence of life- threatening disease outbreak. This
research was conducted to evaluate the homesickness, anxiety and depression among Pakistani international
students in Indonesia during Covid-19 Outbreak. Methods: This study was conducted on 86 random
students that are pursuing their studies in different public and private universities in Indonesia. The data
were collected by distributing google forms via email and social media groups and the responses from
the respondents were recorded and analyzed statistically. Results: The study findings revealed that there
is a correlation between Covid-19 pandemic and the development of various mental health crisis where
33 students (38.37 %) developed homesickness, 11 students (12.79%) developed anxiety and 2 students
(2.33 %) manifested low-grade depression. Homesickness was outstandingly observed in females (72.72
%) whereas anxiety was highly reported in males (90.90%).The study findings demonstrated that there is
a strong negative correlation between student financial statuses and the development of homesickness (r:
-0.977, P: 0.023) and anxiety (r: -0.944, P: 0.056).Conclusion: All in all, the fear to contract coronavirus,
lockdowns, financial instability, death toll of citizens and medical professionals, run out of medical facilities
and social media hoaxes are significant risk factors of mental health crisis among Pakistani international
students in Indonesia.

Author Biographies

  • Shahzad Shoukat

    Post-Graduate, Department of Immunology, Postgraduate School, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

  • Cyuzuzo Callixte

    Post-Graduate, Department of Immunology, Postgraduate School, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

  • Theresia Indah Budhy

    Professor, Faculty of Dental Medicine,Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

  • Jusak Nugraha

    Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

  • Tuyishimire Irene

    Post-GraduateDepartment of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, University of Rwanda, Rwanda

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Published

2021-08-16

How to Cite

Homesickness, Anxiety and Depression among Pakistani International Students in Indonesia during Covid-19 Outbreak. (2021). Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 2475-2481. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17077