A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching on Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Nutritional Anemia among Adolescencents in Kasturba Vidya Mandir, Sevagram,Wardha
Keywords:avoidance, teenage and vitamin-deficiency anemia
Introduction: -Growth of all living organism depends on nutrition .In human being growth period is said to
be from conception to adolescence and after that nutrition is required for maintenance of body. Lot of work
has been done regarding role of nutrition during pregnancy, infancy and childhood but hardly any attention
is paid to the group called adolescence i.e. period between childhood and adulthood. The most prevalent
nutritional condition is anaemia worldwide. Prevalence in India of anemia among young girls were 56 % and
this amount to an average 64 million girls at any point in time.
Aim: To determine the effectiveness of planned teaching on knowledge regarding prevention of nutritional
anemia among adolescence.
Materials and Methods: A pre-experimental pre-test, post-test research design was used to conduct this
study. The setting was selected in the Kasturba Vidya Mandir Sewagram,
Wardha (Maharashtra) after getting ethical permission. Purposive sampling was the sampling method used to
collect data from 9th standard students on the basis of structured knowledge questionnaire. After collecting
pre-test data, planned teaching was given for intervention regarding prevention of nutritional anemia to
adolescencents. Seven days were provided to the samples for utilizing planned teaching which was organized
for 45-50 minutes. Post-test information was gathered after seven days from the day of intervention. The
data were described by frequency, percentage and t-test was used to describe the difference between pre-test
and post-test knowledge score. Chi-square test was also used to find out the association between knowledge
of 9th standard students regarding prevention of nutritional anaemia and selected demographic variables.
Results: There was a significant difference between pre-test and post-test knowledge scores interpreted that
planned teaching on knowledge regarding prevention of nutritional anaemia among adolescencents were
effective. Mean value of pretest was 10.10 and posttest was 19.08and standard deviation values of pretest
was ±2.27and posttest was ±2.21. The calculated t-value was 19.66and p-value was 0.000.
Conclusion: - The study was effective because the post-test knowledge score improved than the pre-test
knowledge score. So the planned teaching has proved to improve 9th standard students knowledge regarding
prevention of nutritional anaemia.
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