Screening of Healthy Women Using Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid For Detection of Cervical Cancer
Keywords:Healthy women, precancerous lesion, VIA Test
Background: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide and second most
common cancer in developing and under developing Nations. the higher incidence of cervical cancer in
developing countries is mainly because of lack of resources ,lack of effective screening technologies and
poorly organized health care delivery in the rural area
Objective: To determine the prevalence of cervical precancerous lesion among healthy women
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted for 600 Healthy women who were selected by using
purposive sampling technique .the prevalence of precancerous cervical lesion was assessed by Visual
Inspection with acetic acid and the data was analyzed by using inferential and descriptive statistical methods
Result: It was also observed that prevalence of cervical Precancerous lesions in healthy women was 5.0%.
It means that 30(5.0%) out of 600 healthy women had risk of cervical precancerous lesions in this present
study. Among the study samples who suspected to be positive, off them 10(3.3%) had two or less quadrant
involved, and 5 (1.7%) had three quadrants involved, About action taken 30(5.0%) were referred for
confirmation, 230(38.3%) followed up after 3 years, 340(56.7%) had referred medical treatment and VIA
test after six monthsThe study result shows that Reveals that prevalence of cervical Precancerous lesions
was highly associated with visual examination findings such as cervicitis, white discharge, and abnormal
findings .Conclusion: The study results conclude that VIA test can be used as a alternative screening
technique for early diagnosis of precancerous lesion among women at low resource setting
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