The Medical and Psychological Effect of Hate Crimes and Hate Speech on Vulnerable Social Groups


  • Suvidutt M.S.
  • Aditya Tomer



hate crime, hate speech, medical effect, psychological effect, social group


The present study would be analyzing and interpreting the intricacies of hate speech in two-fold. Firstly, the
authors would be meticulously analyzing the legal parlance of the term ‘hate speech’ in the present aeon and
its repercussions, i.e., outline the constitutive and consequential harm faced by the people that goes beyond
legal texts and judgments and beyond the legal notion of hate speech.
In furtherance, this research article would address the aftereffects of hate speech medically and how it takes
a psychological toll on minority bigotry and pervasive gender or ethnic differences by using a plethora of
well-known logical research approaches that are unique to analytic philosophy.
Hate speech cases have resulted in bans on campus, legal rulings, and national controversy. The term ‘Free
Speech’ and ‘Hate Speech’ has been misconstrued and used misappropriately. The prime reason is the
absence of precise clarification and the unbelievably wide usage of the term. The targeted communities
experiencing hate speech are of paramount importance but are often overlooked due to the legitimacy of
laws pertaining to hate speech.

Author Biographies

Suvidutt M.S.

PhD Scholar (Law), AIALS, Amity University, Noida; Advocate-on-Record, Supreme Court of India

Aditya Tomer

Addl. Director, Amity Law School, Amity University, Noida




How to Cite

Suvidutt M.S., & Aditya Tomer. (2021). The Medical and Psychological Effect of Hate Crimes and Hate Speech on Vulnerable Social Groups. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 2659–2664.