Mandibular Canine Index to Determine the Sex of the Individual- A Population based Study

Authors

  • Varsha A Shetty
  • Vina Vaswani
  • Suraj Shetty
  • Mahabalesh Shetty

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17122

Keywords:

Canine; Identification; Mandibular canines; Mandibular Canine Index; Odontology.

Abstract

Introduction: The uniqueness of dental morphology plays an important role in Forensic Odontology,
especially for human identifications. Mandibular canines may be considered vital for personal identification.
Objective: This study aims to establish the effectiveness of the Mandibular canine index in predicting the
sex of an individual in a given population.
Materials and Methods: 400 participants (200Male, 200Female) were randomly selected from a given
population between the age group 13 to 30years. Using Digital Vernier calipers, the greatest mesio-distal
crown width of both left and right Mandibular canines and Inter canine arch distance was measured.
Results: It show that canine dimensions and inter-canine distance were statistically larger in males compared
to females and were statistically significant (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Canine dimensions can be considered as an adjunct for sex determination in our population

Author Biographies

Varsha A Shetty

Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore

Vina Vaswani

Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore

Suraj Shetty

Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore

Mahabalesh Shetty

Head of Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore

Published

2021-08-16

How to Cite

Varsha A Shetty, Vina Vaswani, Suraj Shetty, & Mahabalesh Shetty. (2021). Mandibular Canine Index to Determine the Sex of the Individual- A Population based Study. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 2771-2776. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17122