Ecological Relationship between Poverty and Nutritional Status of Toddler in Indonesia in 2018

Authors

  • Wasis Budiarto
  • Ratna Dwi Wulandari
  • Nikmatur Rohmah
  • Agung Dwi Laksono

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17135

Keywords:

poverty, underweight, stunting, wasting, ecological analysis, public health.

Abstract

Data in the world states that 462 million are underweight, 47 million children under the age of 5 are wasting,
14.3 million are very thin, and 144 million are stunting. Previous study reports about 45% of child deaths
<5 years are related to malnutrition—the study aim to analyzing the relationship between poverty and
nutritional status of the toddler in Indonesia ecologically. The study used secondary data from the official
report of the Indonesia Ministry of Health. The study takes all provinces as samples. Moreover, the study
used the percentage of poor people as an independent variable. On the other hand, the researchers analyzed
three other variables as dependent variables: the proportion of underweight toddlers, the proportion of
stunting toddlers, and the proportion of wasting toddlers. The study examined the data using a scatter plot to
determine the relationship. The results show that the greater the percentage of an underweight toddler in a
country, the higher the proportion of underweight toddler in that region. Meanwhile, the more significant the
proportion of the deprived population in an area, the more considerable proportion of stunting in that area.
Moreover, the higher the poor people in the province, the higher the proportion of wasting in that province.
The study concluded that poverty has a relationship with nutrition status of the toddler in Indonesia.

Author Biographies

Wasis Budiarto

Lecturer, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia. Universitas Airlangga Campus
C Mulyorejo, Surabaya, Indonesia 60115

Ratna Dwi Wulandari

Lecturer, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia. Universitas Airlangga Campus
C Mulyorejo, Surabaya, Indonesia 60115

Nikmatur Rohmah

Lecturer, Faculty of Health Science, Muhammadiyah University of Jember, East Java, Indonesia. Gumuk Kerang, Karangrejo, Sumbersari, Jember, East Java, Indonesia 68124

Agung Dwi Laksono

Researcher, National Institute of Health Research and Development, the Indonesia Ministry of Health, Jakarta,Indonesia. Percetakan Negara 29, Jakarta, Indonesia 10560

Published

2021-08-16

How to Cite

Wasis Budiarto, Ratna Dwi Wulandari, Nikmatur Rohmah, & Agung Dwi Laksono. (2021). Ecological Relationship between Poverty and Nutritional Status of Toddler in Indonesia in 2018. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 2863-2869. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17135

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