Impact of Normal and Overweight Pregnant Women upon Neonatal Outcomes in Al-Nasiriya Hospitals :Comparative Study
Keywords:Pregnant, Overweight, Normal weight, Adverse neonatal outcomes.
Background: Maternal obesity is a major risk for both the mother and the fetus, and it is considered an
obstetrical risk factor that leads to a high incidence of complications throughout the prenatal period, as
well as an increased risk of many adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Objectives: To assess the impact of normal and overweight pregnant women upon Neonatal outcomes
at Al-Nasiriya city.
Methodology: A descriptive analytic study was conducted from January11th, 2021 to March 18th, 2021
at Al-Nasiriya City Hospitals for Maternity and Children on(100) pregnant women who attending labor
room , (50) were overweight and (50) normal weight pregnant women with gestational age for 08-40
weeks were included . A non–probability (Purposive sample) was used to select the participants of
Results: The result of study revealed that (34.1%) (36.4%) of study sample aged (26-30) years in
normal, and overweight pregnant respectively. The study results clarifies the previous and current body
mass index among normal weight pregnant women (100% & 95% ) respectively, while in overweight
(63.6%) overweight previously and (65.9%) obesity class ( I) at current. the impact of weight upon
neonate outcomes; the findings indicates that weight has significant impact up on outcomes related to
neonate, at p-value= 0.006, while there is no impact has been reported among group of normal weight
Conclusion: The study concluded that overweight impact upon outcomes related to neonate condition,
while there is no impact has been reported among group of normal weight pregnant women.
Recommendations: Increased physical activity and knowledge of healthy eating habits among pregnant women as part of primary health care centre initiatives to reduce obesity in women.
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