• Mohammed Radhi Radeef
  • Fatimah Mustafa Mohammed Alattraqchi
  • Ahmed Abbas Shlaka
  • Shaymaa Abdul Lateef Alfadhul



SARS-CoV2 · COVID-19, neurological symptoms.


Objective: To determine the frequency, type, and associated determinants of neurological symptoms
among covid19 patients.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 161 doctors from different Iraqi cities using
online questionnaires. They were provided information about their documented case. Data were
collected from the 1st to 30th of October 2020. The questionnaire consists of 2 parts, first part concerns
sociodemographic data of patients (age, gender, and severity of COVID-19 infection), while the second
part deals with details of COVID-19 neurological symptoms. Data were stored and analyzed using
SPSS version 24.
Results: A total of 161 COVID-19 cases were described in this study. Headache was found in 120
patients (74.5%); loss of smell in 108 patients (67.1%); and loss of taste in 86 patients (53.4%). It was
found that ataxia more predominant in females (34.0%) than males (17.9%), statistically, there was a
significant difference(P=0.024). Sever COVID-19 disease showed a significantly higher presentation
of vertigo, hearing loss, loss of smell, disturbance of level of consciousness, sensory symptoms, motor
symptoms, and stroke (p<0.05). Statistical analysis showed a significantly higher presentation of
disturbance in level of consciousness, and stroke symptoms in patients older than 40 years(P<0.05).
Conclusion: Different neurological presentations are reported fromCOVID-19 cases. Headache, loss
of smell, and taste are the most frequent symptoms. Some neurological manifestations are found more
predominant in females, older age, and severe cases.

Author Biographies

Mohammed Radhi Radeef

Lecturer, Department of Neuro Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kufa, Iraq

Fatimah Mustafa Mohammed Alattraqchi

Doctor, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Ministry of Health, Iraq

Ahmed Abbas Shlaka

Doctor, Al Najaf Health Directorate, Ministry of Health, Iraq

Shaymaa Abdul Lateef Alfadhul

Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine,
University of Kufa, Iraq




How to Cite

Mohammed Radhi Radeef, Fatimah Mustafa Mohammed Alattraqchi, Ahmed Abbas Shlaka, & Shaymaa Abdul Lateef Alfadhul. (2021). Array . Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 3328–3337.