The Level of Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Lung Cancer in Al-Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital
Keywords:lung cancer, anxiety , depression.
Objectives: To assess level of anxiety and depression among Patients with lung cancer. To find out the
relationship between level of anxiety and depression with age, gender, educational level, occupation,
residence, frequency of admission, marital status, and monthly income.
Methodology: Descriptive analysis designs are used to conduct the study. The study period started from
march 1th, 2021 to April 15th 2021 at the Department of Oncology in Al- Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital.
Total of (110) patients selected from oncology department in Al-Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital. ten
patients were excluded from the study for the pilot study. So the total number of patients participating in
the study was (100) patients. The depression and anxiety Scale are consisting from 14 items self-rated
questionnaire that involves two dimensions. These are depression (7 items) and anxiety (7 items). These
items are measured on a (4) point Likert-type scale of 1 (Not applicable), 2 (Somewhat applicable), 3
(Often remarkable) and 4 (Very often applicable). The total score is computed by summing scores of
all items. The score of each dimension is calculated by summing the scores of the items and dividing
by the number of items.
Results: The demographic and clinical characteristics of the samples the vast majority of the patients
were (73%) were all males, (85%) are married couple, the participants (48%) were housewives and
unemployed, (62%) from lung cancer patients are urban, (46.8%). Monthly income, Concerning the
significant differences between depression and anxiety with patients’ age, the study showed that there is
high significant difference in depression symptoms with regard to older age patients at p-value= 0.001
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