Self-esteem of Children Living with their Parents for Secondary Schools in AL-Rusafa: Comparative Study to the Children Living in Orphanage
Keywords:Self-esteem, Children, Orphanage, Secondary School
Objectives: to find out differences in the level of self-esteem between orphanage children and children
who live with their Parents.
Methods: A descriptive studies that use comparative design. The method of A Purposive sampling is
used which is located in Rusafa, Baghdad. The sample size was 200 students (male and female) from
all secondary schools in Baghdad al-Rusafa who lived with their parents, and another 200 adolescent
who lived in an orphanage. The data was collected during January 11th to March 2nd, 2021. Short form
of (coopersmith,1967) scales for assessing self- esteem level.
Results : The result of the study shows that highly significant differences are accounted between studied
groups at P<0.01 regarding of studied “Negative’s Items Domain”, and “ Overall Evaluation”, while no
significant different was accounted with reference to “Positive’s Items Domain”. Through the results of
the significant comparisons, it becomes clear that the trends of the negative items of the scale are the
distinguishing evidence between the two studied groups at the time when the outcomes of the positive
trend items didn’t formed the presence of significant differences between the two groups.
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