Effect of Clinical Guideline Concerning Cardiopulmonary Bypass on Nurses’ Knowledge in Open Heart Surgery Center.
Keywords:Guideline, Cardiopulmonary bypass, Nurse, Knowledge, Perfusions.
Open-heart surgery is considered a major surgery with potential risks and complications, but it is a lifesaving
operation that can treat a variety of diseases such as heart valve disease, heart birth defects, and
coronary artery disease. A Quasi- experimental design has been used in the existing study to evaluate
the effect of clinical guideline concerning cardiopulmonary bypass on nurses’ knowledge in open heart
surgery center in AL-Najaf AL-Ashraf city at Al-Najaf center for cardiac surgery and trans-catheter
therapy through the period October 1th, 2020 to, April 19th , 2021. The results of the study show there is
a high significant effect of the educational program, it also, show that high Significant mean difference
among study group concerning pre-test and post-test scores at p-value (0.0001). Also, in this study there
is a significant association between posttest knowledge and year of experience as a perfusionists and
number of training courses at p-value (0.02) and (0.01).The study concluded that educational program
can improve in nurses’ knowledge and to produce perfusionists who are able to successfully apply their
knowledge and skills to improve patients’ outcome. The study recommended a written program for
all new nurses working in heart-lung machine department, and improving the expertise of nurses and
medical staff through use the finding of the present study to give care for the patient.
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