Aortic Atherosclerosis and Risk Factors: A Clinico- Demographic Autopsy-Based Study
Keywords:Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Hyperglycemia, Smoking, Cardiovascular Disease
Backdrop: Aortic atherosclerosis continues to be a complex process, with the genetic factors, personal
lifestyles, alterations in local hemodynamics, vascular injury, age related changes, endothelial
inflammation and autoimmune diseases, all contributing to its pathogenesis. The scenario of
atherosclerosis in India is appalling with highest loss in potentially productive years of life. As study
of atherosclerosis in living population is difficult, invasive and expensive especially in the developing
countries, autopsy studies have been proved to be a good method for assessing atherosclerosis. So, the
present study was planned to evaluate the prevalence of atherosclerosis, with the clinic-demographic
profiles of the victims of aortic atherosclerosis and analysing the risk factors associated with it.
Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study which was conducted to detect
aortic atherosclerosis among all the deceased who got referred to R.G. Kar Medical College Police
Mortuary for autopsy between 1st April to 30th September, 2014.
Resusts: Majority of the victims belonged to 4th to 8th decades, with male preponderance in all the age
groups. Though the residence has got no significant implication on atherosclerosis, age turned out to
be the single most culprit in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, with hypertwnsion, hyperlipidemia,
hyperglycemia and smoking playing their significant parts.
Conclusion: The authors feel, in most cases, atherosclerosis can be prevented as most risk factors
associated with this illness are directly connected with the lifestyle of an individual. In this regard,
educational campaign that focuses on informing the members of the society about the dangers of
atherosclerosis, its causes, and the ways of its prevention is likely to reduce the occurrence of this
disease and thus improve the overall health level of the nation.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions