Aortic Atherosclerosis and Risk Factors: A Clinico- Demographic Autopsy-Based Study

Authors

  • Mainak Tarafder
  • Suparna Datta
  • Ranjan Biswas
  • Prabir Chakraborty
  • Saptarshi Chatterjee

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17431

Keywords:

Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Hyperglycemia, Smoking, Cardiovascular Disease

Abstract

Backdrop: Aortic atherosclerosis continues to be a complex process, with the genetic factors, personal
lifestyles, alterations in local hemodynamics, vascular injury, age related changes, endothelial
inflammation and autoimmune diseases, all contributing to its pathogenesis. The scenario of
atherosclerosis in India is appalling with highest loss in potentially productive years of life. As study
of atherosclerosis in living population is difficult, invasive and expensive especially in the developing
countries, autopsy studies have been proved to be a good method for assessing atherosclerosis. So, the
present study was planned to evaluate the prevalence of atherosclerosis, with the clinic-demographic
profiles of the victims of aortic atherosclerosis and analysing the risk factors associated with it.
Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study which was conducted to detect
aortic atherosclerosis among all the deceased who got referred to R.G. Kar Medical College Police
Mortuary for autopsy between 1st April to 30th September, 2014.
Resusts: Majority of the victims belonged to 4th to 8th decades, with male preponderance in all the age
groups. Though the residence has got no significant implication on atherosclerosis, age turned out to
be the single most culprit in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, with hypertwnsion, hyperlipidemia,
hyperglycemia and smoking playing their significant parts.
Conclusion: The authors feel, in most cases, atherosclerosis can be prevented as most risk factors
associated with this illness are directly connected with the lifestyle of an individual. In this regard,
educational campaign that focuses on informing the members of the society about the dangers of
atherosclerosis, its causes, and the ways of its prevention is likely to reduce the occurrence of this
disease and thus improve the overall health level of the nation.

Author Biographies

Mainak Tarafder

Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College,
Bankura, West Bengal

Suparna Datta

Deputy Director Medical Education, Department of Health and Family Welfare
Government of West Bengal,

Ranjan Biswas

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry,Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal

Prabir Chakraborty

Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal

Saptarshi Chatterjee

Associate Professor,Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal

Downloads

Published

2021-11-02

How to Cite

Mainak Tarafder, Suparna Datta, Ranjan Biswas, Prabir Chakraborty, & Saptarshi Chatterjee. (2021). Aortic Atherosclerosis and Risk Factors: A Clinico- Demographic Autopsy-Based Study. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(1), 58–65. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17431