Quantitative Risk Assesment of Benzene Exposure in Printing Industry X Surabaya City

Authors

  • Amanda Fithri Habibati
  • Abdul Rohim Tualeka
  • Juliana Jalaludin
  • Syamsiar Russeng
  • Ahsan
  • Puji Rahmawati

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17453

Keywords:

benzene, printing, assessor a risk, Risk Quotient, Excess Cancer Risk

Abstract

Benzene is a compound chemically volatile and lasts a long time in the air and quickly
inhaled into the human body. The use of benzene is widely used in various industries, one of
which is the printing industry. Benzene produced right in the printing industry are ink, cleaning fluid,
and when the machine in operation. Workers exposed to benzene can risk cancer and non-cancer health
effects that are harmful to the human body. This study aimed to assess cancer and non-cancer risk of
workers in the printing industry X Surabaya City. This research is observational, cross-sectional with
the same sample with a total population of 11 workers in the printing industry X Surabaya City. The
risk assessment method uses four stages: hazard identification, exposure analysis, dose and response
analysis, and risk characterization. This research shows that the average concentration of benzene is
1.0729 mg/m3 or 0.34 ppm. RQ value > 1 both real-time and lifetime. As many as 63.6% of workers
have real-time ECR >10 -4, and 81.8% of workers have ECR lifetime >10-4. This study concludes that
workers are in an unsafe condition and have non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks.

Author Biographies

Amanda Fithri Habibati

Departement of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, 60115,
Surabaya, East Java,Indonesia

Abdul Rohim Tualeka

Departement of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, 60115,
Surabaya, East Java,Indonesia

Juliana Jalaludin

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and health Sciences, Putra Malaysia University, Malaysia

Syamsiar Russeng

Department of Occupational Health and Safety Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University

Ahsan

Faculty of Nurse, Brawijaya University,Malang, Indonesia

Puji Rahmawati

Department of Development of Islamic Society, State Islamic University SunanAmpel,
Surabaya Indonesia

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Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

Amanda Fithri Habibati, Abdul Rohim Tualeka, Juliana Jalaludin, Syamsiar Russeng, Ahsan, & Puji Rahmawati. (2021). Quantitative Risk Assesment of Benzene Exposure in Printing Industry X Surabaya City. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(1), 204–212. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17453