Quantitative Risk Assesment of Benzene Exposure in Printing Industry X Surabaya City
Keywords:benzene, printing, assessor a risk, Risk Quotient, Excess Cancer Risk
Benzene is a compound chemically volatile and lasts a long time in the air and quickly
inhaled into the human body. The use of benzene is widely used in various industries, one of
which is the printing industry. Benzene produced right in the printing industry are ink, cleaning fluid,
and when the machine in operation. Workers exposed to benzene can risk cancer and non-cancer health
effects that are harmful to the human body. This study aimed to assess cancer and non-cancer risk of
workers in the printing industry X Surabaya City. This research is observational, cross-sectional with
the same sample with a total population of 11 workers in the printing industry X Surabaya City. The
risk assessment method uses four stages: hazard identification, exposure analysis, dose and response
analysis, and risk characterization. This research shows that the average concentration of benzene is
1.0729 mg/m3 or 0.34 ppm. RQ value > 1 both real-time and lifetime. As many as 63.6% of workers
have real-time ECR >10 -4, and 81.8% of workers have ECR lifetime >10-4. This study concludes that
workers are in an unsafe condition and have non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Amanda Fithri Habibati, Abdul Rohim Tualeka, Juliana Jalaludin, Syamsiar Russeng, Ahsan, Puji Rahmawati
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions