The Levels of Salivary IgA and Lactoferrin and Some Salivary Parameters in Waterpipe Smokers and Cigarette Smokers

Authors

  • Ausama Ahmed Fathallh
  • Maha Adel Mahmood

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17466

Keywords:

salivary IgA, lactoferrin, salivary parameters waterpipe smokers

Abstract

Background: Waterpipe and cigarette are two types of tobacco consumption, their smoking is associated
with many adverse effects it has a detrimental effect on saliva and causes a reduction in salivary pH
and flow rate in addition to their controversial effect on salivary IgA and lactoferrin. Materials and
Methods: unstimulated saliva was collected from 84 subjects in the early morning between 8-10 am.
Subjects were divided equally into three group’swaterpipe smokers, cigarette smokers, and non-smokers
all of the participants are adult male aged between 25-60 years, Sandwich ELISA technique was used
for detection and estimation the level of salivary IgA and lactoferrin. Result: IgA and Lactoferrin results
showed significantly(p≤0.01), higher concentration in cigarette and waterpipe smokers group than nonsmokers Results also showed that Salivary flow rate(SFR) and pH was higher in the non-smoker’s group
followed by waterpipe and cigarette smokers groups with a highly significant difference (p≤0.01), The
correlation between Lactoferrin and salivary IgA also showed a significant (p≤0.01),moderate positive
correlation in the cigarette group only. Conclusions:Smokingincrease Salivary IgA and lactoferrin
concentrations while it reduces SFR and pH of saliva, a significant positive correlation was founded
between lactoferrin and salivary IgA only in cigarette smokers

Author Biographies

Ausama Ahmed Fathallh

Postgraduate Student, Iraq, Department of Basic Science, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq                                                                                                                                                                                                

Maha Adel Mahmood

Prof. Department of Basic Science, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

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Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

Ausama Ahmed Fathallh, & Maha Adel Mahmood. (2021). The Levels of Salivary IgA and Lactoferrin and Some Salivary Parameters in Waterpipe Smokers and Cigarette Smokers. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(1), 283–290. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17466