Determinant Factors affecting Quality of Life of Children with HIV/AIDS

Authors

  • Candra Maulana
  • Irwanto
  • Dominicus Husada

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17475

Keywords:

Determinant factors, HIV infection, quality of life

Abstract

HIV/AIDS causes physical problems, such as recurrent infections, growth disorders and malnutrition.
HIV/AIDS also causes psychosocial problems, such as being shunned by friends and getting
discriminatory behavior. All of the problems described earlier affect children’s mental growth and
development which will affect the quality of life of children with HIV/AIDS.
This research is a cross sectional study, conducted at the Intermediate Care Unit of Infection Disease of
Children Outpatient Clinic in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya and Voluntary Counselling and
Testing Outpatient Clinic in Gresik General Hospital, Probolinggo General Hospital and Trenggalek
General Hospital in November 2019-May 2020. Data collected was descriptively, then statistically
analyzed by bivariate and multivariate analysis.
According to bivariate analysis, factors significantly related to quality of life of children with HIV/
AIDS were age, monthly caregiver income, distance between diagnosis and therapy, immunological
status, nutritional status and treatment adherence. Multivariate analysis showed that age (p=0,014,
Odds Ratio [OR] 18,780, confidence interval [CI] 1,810-194,844) and treatment adherence (p=0,010,
OR 7,823, CI 1,631-37,516) had a significant relationship with the quality of life of children with HIV/
AIDS (p <0.05).
In conclusion, age, monthly caregiver income, distance between diagnosis and therapy, immunological
status, nutritional status and treatment adherence are significantly related to the quality of life of children
with HIV/AIDS. Age and treatment adherence have the most significant relation with the quality of life
of children with HIV/AIDS .

Author Biographies

Candra Maulana

Resident, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia

Irwanto

Professor, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia

Dominicus Husada

Pediatrician, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia

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Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

Candra Maulana, Irwanto, & Dominicus Husada. (2021). Determinant Factors affecting Quality of Life of Children with HIV/AIDS. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(1), 318–326. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17475