Microbiological Study of Surfaces in the Hospital Environment Case of the Provincial Hospital of Sidi Kacem, Morocco

Authors

  • Elouakfaoui Aziz
  • Mahjoub aouane
  • Rouani Abdeljabbar
  • Berrid Nabyl

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17488

Keywords:

: Hospital environment, Microbiological monitoring, Nosocomial infections.

Abstract

Background: The hospital environment is largely colonized by pathogenic microorganisms. this
contamination varies qualitatively and quantitatively according to the services and the capacity of the
microorganisms to survive in inert environments, the elimination of these microorganisms requires
a well formed staff and well detailed protocols which meet the international requirements. The
microbiological monitoring of the hospital surfaces is a key factor to prevent nosocomial infections, it
allows us to elaborate a diagnosis of the microbial ecology in order to lead preventive and corrective
actions. Objective: The aim of our study is to identify the present bacteria on the surfaces of the
provincial hospital of Sidi Kacem in Rabat-Salé-Kénitra region, Morocco, in order to reduce the rate
of nosocomial infections.
Methods: 167 samples were taken from different sites in the hospital wards, using the swabbing
technique, according to ISO/DIS 14698-1, the identification of the isolated germs has been realized by
the classical biochemical gallery and the API (Biomerieux, France).
Results: A total of ten (10) bacterial species were isolated with a predominance of Bacillus sp (27%) and
coagulase-negative staphylococci (29%), Staphylococcus aureus (18%), and Klebsiella pneumoniae
(13%) followed. Thirteen (13) samples were a negative culture with a positivity rate of 92%. The
distribution of isolated strains by department shows a predominance of bacterial strains in the intensive
care unit (19%) and the emergency department (17%).Conclusion: These results show the importance
of developing a risk management approach based on cleaning and disinfection protocols and procedures,
as well as training and awareness programmers.

Author Biographies

Elouakfaoui Aziz


PhD Student Laboratory of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development Ibn Tofail University,
Faculty of Science Kenitra, Morocco

Mahjoub aouane

University Professor , Laboratory of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development Ibn Tofail University, Department of Biology Faculty of Science Kenitra, Morocco

Rouani Abdeljabbar

PhD Student, Laboratory of Materials and Subatomic Physics Ibn Tofail University Morcco

Berrid Nabyl

PhD Student, Laboratory of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development Ibn Tofail University, Department of Biology Faculty of Science Kenitra, Morocco,

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Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

Elouakfaoui Aziz, Mahjoub aouane, Rouani Abdeljabbar, & Berrid Nabyl. (2021). Microbiological Study of Surfaces in the Hospital Environment Case of the Provincial Hospital of Sidi Kacem, Morocco. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(1), 419–426. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17488