Steeping Tin Leaves (Ficus carica) Improves Sperm Quality of Male Mice (Mus musculus) Exposed to Lead Acetate

Authors

  • Emi Kusumawardani
  • Budi Santoso
  • Widjiati
  • Hari Basuki Notobroto
  • Heru Santoso Wahito Nugroho

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17490

Keywords:

tin leaves (Ficus carica), sperm quality, motility, morphology, concentration

Abstract

Introduction: Lead can induce lipid oxidation in cell membrans, thus forming free radicals. The
process of imbalance of free radicals and antioxidants will disrupt the normal function of cells,
causing cell death and decreased sperm quality. Purpose: The purpose of this research is to explain the
mechanism of steeping tin leaves (Ficus carica) increase sperm quality in male mice (Mus musculus)
exposed to lead acetate. Methods: This type of research was true experimental design with posttest
only control group design with the number of replications of 10 male mice, the experimental unit will
be distributed proportionally to 5 groups. Steeping tin leaves will be given with a dose of Pb + Tin
Leaf 1.664 mg (P1) and Pb + Tin Leaf 3.328 mg (P2), while for lead acetate dose 0.5 mg and quercetin
dose 0.7 mg. The analyzed variables included spermatozoa motility, spermatozoa morphology, and
spermatozoa concentration. Data analysis was conducted including the Shapiro-Wilks normality test,
and the homogeneity test used the Levene test. If the data were not homogeneous, the group average
test would use the Brown-Forsythe test, then continued with a different test for each group using the
Post Hoc Games-Howell test. If the Levene test data were homogeneous, the group average test would
use Oneway Anova. Findings: The results showed that giving of steeping tin leaves with a dose of
Pb + Tin leaves 3.328 mg (P2) is able to increase spermatozoa motility and spermatozoa morphology.
Conclusion: The steeping tin leaves increase sperm quality

Author Biographies

Emi Kusumawardani

Doctoral Student at Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Budi Santoso

Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia,

Widjiati

Lecturer, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia,

Hari Basuki Notobroto

Lecturer, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia,

Heru Santoso Wahito Nugroho

Researcher, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya,Indonesia

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Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

Emi Kusumawardani, Budi Santoso, Widjiati, Hari Basuki Notobroto, & Heru Santoso Wahito Nugroho. (2021). Steeping Tin Leaves (Ficus carica) Improves Sperm Quality of Male Mice (Mus musculus) Exposed to Lead Acetate. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(1), 433–440. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17490