Effect of Work Stress on the Productivity of Shift Workers in Production Department at Pt.x Makassar City
Keywords:productivity, work stress, age, sex, working period, sleep quality.
Productivity can be defined as worker’s performance in terms of quantity, quality and timeliness. There
are several factors that can affect productivity. This study aims to determine the effect of monotony
and work stress on production department’s shift workers at PT. X wirh age, sex, years of service and
quality of sleep as a control variables.
This study was an analytic observational study with cross sectional design. The number of respondents
was 49 people which were determined using purposive sampling technique. Data were obtained using
online questionnaires. Chi square was used for bivariate data analysis and multiple logistic regression
for multivariate data analysis.
From the results of bivariate data analysis, it was found that work stress had an effect on productivity
with a value of p = 0.001 (<0.05). For the analysis of work stress based on age, it affected older workers
with a value of p = 0.004, while based on gender, it affected the female workers with a value of p =
0.001, based on years service, it had effect on long service years with a value of p = 0.018 and based
on sleep quality, it affected on poor sleep quality with a value of p = 0.003. The results of multivariate
analysis showed that work stress affected the productivity with a value of p = 0.001 (p <0.05) with
gender and sleep quality as variable controls. It was suggested for workers to maximize the rest time
after serviced a night shift in order to restore their physical condition and for company leaders to
establish good communication towards workers in order to find out critics or suggestion related to the
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