The Effects of MISUKE For Underweight Children
Keywords:MISUKE, Nutritional Status, Toddler, Underweight, Vegetable
Background : Malnutrition problems such as underweight was unhealthy (pathological) conditions
that arise from not enough eating or consuming less energy and protein for a certain period of time.
The results of monitoring the nutritional status of toddlers (0-59 months) in 2018 from Basic Health
Research with WAZ Index, 17,6% children in underweight status. MISUKE (vegetable oil, milk &
soybean) is a nutrient-dense supplement made from vegetable oil, skim milk and soybeans which are a
high source of energy and protein but in small volume and in powder form.
Objective : The aims of this study was to determine the effect of MISUKE formula on the nutritional
status of underweight children.
Methods : This research design was quasi-experimental research with pretest and posttest approaches.
Samples taken by 30 underweight children under five. This research was carried out in working area of
Sudiang Raya Health Center in Makassar city.
Results : The results showed that there was an increase in body weight before and after consume
MISUKE around 0.25 grams with a p value of 0,000, besides that there was a significant increase in
energy and carbohydrate intake after giving misuke with p values respectively (0,000 and 0.001), and
for There was also an increase in fat protein intake, but not significantly with p values (0.56) and (0.51),
respectively. Thus, MISUKE can be used as an alternative food for malnourished children.
Conclusion : MISUKE formulation used consists of 12 grams of vegetable oil, 6 grams of skimmed
milk, 12 grams of soy bean flour, 4 grams of granulated sugar. The nutritional value of MISUKE is
190.8 kcal energy, 6.5 grams of protein, 14.5 grams of fat, and 10.7 grams of carbohydrates, while the
change in nutritional status for weight before ranging from 10.48 grams and the increase of 0.25 grams
after MISUKE treatment with an average body weight range of 10.73.
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