Phytotherapy in Renal Failure Due to Blood Pressure and Diabetes: A Systematic Review Study in Iram Ethnobotanical Documents


  • Khojasteh Hoseinynejad
  • Fatemeh Amini
  • Erfane Hasanloo
  • Shokouh Shayanpour
  • Pouladzadeh
  • Mohammadreza Nazer



Kidney, Kidney failure and disorder, Ethnobotany, Medicinal plants, Iran


Kidney failure is an irreversible condition and an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children
worldwide. In conventional medicine, the methods of controlling these disorders and the existing
treatments in many cases seem inadequate and sometimes ineffective. Due to the growing popularity of
society in the use of knowledge and traditional medicine and herbal medicine, the potential of Iranian
ethnobotanical knowledge can be used to find more effective treatment strategies. The aim of this study
was to extract medicinal plants used in Iranian ethnobotanical knowledge in order to identify medicinal
plants affecting renal failure. In this review study, keywords such as renal failure, renal impairment,
hypertension, diabetes, herbs, ethnobotanics, and Iran were used. Databases such as ISI, Web of
Science, PubMed, Scopus, ISC, SID and Google Scholar were used to review articles and resources.
Finally, 23 articles containing ethnobotanical information for the treatment of renal failure were used to
review the literature. Medicinal plants such as Lamium album L., Origanum vulgare, Allium sativum L.,
Berberis vulgaris L., Ecbalium elaterium, Crataegus monogyna, Paliurus spina-christi Miller., Rheum
ribes L., Olea europea, Silybum marianum L., Teucrium polium L., Nigella sativa L., Ziziphus jujuba
(L) H.Karst, Centaurea bruguieriana Hand. Mzt., Juglans regia L., Brassica Napus L. and some other
herbs. are the most important medicinal plants used to treat kidney failure and disorders.

Author Biographies

Khojasteh Hoseinynejad

Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Persian Gulf Physiology  ResearchCenter,Medical Basic Sciences Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Fatemeh Amini

Researcher, Department of Persian Medicine, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz,Iran

Erfane Hasanloo

Researcher, Department of Molecular Biocellular, Kharazmi University, Karaj Branch and Research
Committee of Kharazmi University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran,

Shokouh Shayanpour

Assistant Professor, Department of Nephrology,Faculty of Medicine, Persian Gulf Chronic Renal Failure Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran


Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran,

Mohammadreza Nazer

6MPH, Professor, Department of Infectious Diseases, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran




How to Cite

Khojasteh Hoseinynejad, Fatemeh Amini, Erfane Hasanloo, Shokouh Shayanpour, Pouladzadeh, & Mohammadreza Nazer. (2021). Phytotherapy in Renal Failure Due to Blood Pressure and Diabetes: A Systematic Review Study in Iram Ethnobotanical Documents. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(1), 700–708.