Psychosocial Impact and Protective Factor of COVID-19 Confirmed Patient During Isolation Enactment: A Systematic Review


  • Mira Wahyu Kusumawati
  • Setyawati Soeharto
  • Heni Dwi Windarwati



confirmed patient, COVID-19, isolation, protective factor, psychosocial impact


Background: An individual who is positively confirmed COVID-19 is required to undergo a longterm isolation. As a consequence, this condition can cause physical and psychosocial impacts. This
review article aims to identify psychosocial impacts COVID-19 patients and protective factors the
patients during isolation enactment. Method: This article is a systematic review by doing article
identification from four data bases (ScienceDirect, ProQuest, EBSCO and PubMed) published between
January to October 2020. The articles were selected using PRISMA based on assigned inclusion and
exclusion, keywords on psychological impact, COVID-19, and confirmed patient. Results: Based on
the 28 article analysis divides psychosocial domain into four aspects; they are emotional impact, social,
and behavior. Protective factor was divided into four aspects, they are social support (family, social,
medical team, and government support), personal ability (religious, cognitive, affective, psychomotor
aspects), positive belief (internal and external), and material asset (facility and financial). Conclusion:
Psychosocial impacts of confirmed COVID-19 patients during isolation enactment can be minimized
through psychologist intervention by increasing patients’ protective factors. Based on the finding, the
suggestion was the part of nursing in isolation COVID-19 important to increase health condition of
mental patients undergo isolation.

Author Biographies

Mira Wahyu Kusumawati

Graduate Student at Master of Nursing Program, School of Nursing,Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Setyawati Soeharto

Lecture at Departement of Pharmacology Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Heni Dwi Windarwati

Lecture and Research at Department of Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya,
Malang, Indonesia




How to Cite

Mira Wahyu Kusumawati, Setyawati Soeharto, & Heni Dwi Windarwati. (2021). Psychosocial Impact and Protective Factor of COVID-19 Confirmed Patient During Isolation Enactment: A Systematic Review. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(1), 787–799.