Non-Communicable Diseases among the Elderly in Indonesia in 2018

Authors

  • Rukmini Rukmini
  • Adianti Handajani
  • Astridya Paramita
  • Pramita Andarwati
  • Agung Dwi Laksono

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17631

Keywords:

non-communicable diseases, hypertension, heart disease, diabetes mellitus, stroke, cancer, elderly, community health, public health.

Abstract

Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) is closely related to the aging process, social development, and increased risk factors. The study aims to analyze the prevalence of NCD among the elderly in Indonesia based on demographic characteristics. The study employed the 2018 Indonesia Basic Health Survey data. The survey used the multi-stage cluster random sampling method; it was a weighted sample of 85,358 elderly. In this analysis, the NCDs prevalence in the elderly includes hypertension, heart disease, bronchial asthma, chronic renal failure, diabetes mellitus (DM), stroke, and cancer determined based on a doctor’s diagnosis. The study result shows the prevalence of NCD in the elderly population in Indonesia, most of which are hypertension, mental-emotional disorders, depression, DM, and heart disease. Based on age group, the prevalence of hypertension, mental-health disorders, and depression tends to increase with increasing age, stroke and bronchial asthma are higher in the 70-79. DM and cancer were higher in the 60-69. Heart disease and kidney failure did not differ relatively between age groups. The prevalence of hypertension, mental-emotional disorders, depression, DM, heart disease, and cancer was higher in women. Still, asthma, stroke, and chronic kidney failure tended to be more in men. The study concluded that the most prevalent NCDs among older people in Indonesia were hypertension, mental, emotional disorders, depression, DM, and heart disease. NCDs have demographic characteristics.

Author Biographies

Rukmini Rukmini

Researcher, Functional Unit of Health Technology Innovation, Center of Research and Development of Humanities and Health Management Ministry of Health, Surabaya. Indonesia

Adianti Handajani

Researcher, Functional Unit of Health Technology Innovation, Center of Research and Development of Humanities and Health Management Ministry of Health, Surabaya. Indonesia

Astridya Paramita

Researcher, Functional Unit of Health Technology Innovation, Center of Research and Development of Humanities and Health Management Ministry of Health, Surabaya. Indonesia.

Pramita Andarwati

Researcher, Functional Unit of Health Technology Innovation, Center of Research and Development of Humanities and Health Management Ministry of Health, Surabaya. Indonesia

Agung Dwi Laksono

Researcher, Center of Research and Development of Humanities and Health Management, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

Rukmini Rukmini, Adianti Handajani, Astridya Paramita, Pramita Andarwati, & Agung Dwi Laksono. (2021). Non-Communicable Diseases among the Elderly in Indonesia in 2018. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(1), 1026–1036. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17631