A Study on Determinants of Irritant Contact Dermatitis in the Workers of a Slaughterhouse on Jalan Abu Bakar Lambogo, Makassar
Keywords:irritant contact dermatitis, personal hygiene, duration of contact
Contact dermatitis, in general, is a non-infection inflammatory condition because the skin has contact
with both chemical and biological compounds. The aims of this study is to analyze determinants of
irritant contact dermatitis in the workers of a slaughterhouse. This study was analytical observation
using a cross-sectional approach. The population of this study was 93 workers of a broiler chicken
slaughterhouse located on Jalan Abu Bakar Lambogo, Makassar. Data collection was by performing a
direct observation and interview to the skin condition of the workers’ hands who were suffering from
the symptoms of irritant contact dermatitis, such as skin rash, dry skin, itchy and painful skin, swollen
skin, and chapped, and observing the work process of chicken slaughtering. Data were analyzed using
multiple logistic regression analysis. The result of this study shows that the use of PPE, personal
hygiene, length of employment, personal history of diseases of the skin, and duration of contact are
significantly correlated with (p < 0.05) the incidence of irritant contact dermatitis symptoms. Based
on the result of the multiple logistic regression analysis, personal hygiene (p = 0.003) and duration of
contact (p = 0.004) are the main determinants of irritant contact dermatitis symptoms in the workers
of the broiler chicken slaughterhouse. It can be concluded that the personal hygiene and duration of
contact are the main determinants of irritant contact dermatitis symptoms in the workers of the broiler
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