Impact of Pregnant Adolescents’ Knowledge about Preventive Health Behaviors during Pregnancy upon Pregnancy Outcomes in AL- Diwaniyah City

Authors

  • Fadia H. Ali
  • Hala S. Abdul Wahid
  • Ekhlas A. Hussein

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17801

Keywords:

Impact , Pregnant Adolescents’ ,Knowledge ,Preventive Health Behaviors ,Pregnancy outcomes

Abstract

Objective(s): The aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of pregnant adolescents’ knowledge about
preventive health behaviors during pregnancy upon their pregnancy outcomes .
Methodology: A quasi-experimental design, using the evaluation approach for the determination
the impact of pregnant adolescents’ knowledge about preventive behaviors during pregnancy upon
pregnancy outcomes in Al-Diwaniyah city from the period 17th January 2020 to 1st June 2021.
Non- probability, purposive sample of (35) adolescent pregnant are selected from those who visit
Al-Diwanyiah Maternity and Pediatric Teaching Hospital. Data are collected through the use of the
study instruments (questionnaire) in a form of Google format and through video calls as means of data
collection. Data were analyzed through the use of descriptive statistical data analysis approach and
inferential statistical data analysis approach.
Results: Results of this study indicate that most of the pregnant are between (16-19) year old (57.1%),
(34.3%) are primary school graduates, (71.4%) are housewives, (77.1%) are living in rural area and
(80%) are earning an income of (300-600) thousands ID. The overall evaluation of pregnant adolescents’
have a lack of knowledge about preventive health behaviors during pregnancy without significant
relationship between pregnant adolescents’ knowledge and their demographic characteristics. As well
as, pregnant adolescents’ knowledge about preventive behaviors during pregnancy does not impose any
effect upon their pregnancy outcome.
Conclusions: The study’s unique finding is that pregnant adolescents have a lack of knowledge about
preventive health behaviors during pregnancy, and this knowledge does not have any effect on their
pregnancy outcome.
Recommendations: Improving pregnant adolescents’ health literacy is the responsibility of healthcare
systems and healthcare professionals through emphasis by the Ministry of Health role through the
antenatal care units to take a part and dissemination of education about the preventive health behaviors
among pregnant adolescents especially primigravida, and particularly with each specific trimester.

Author Biographies

Fadia H. Ali

Lecturer , M.Sc. Maternal and Neonatal Health, Nursing Department , College of Nursing , University of Al-
Qadisiyah, Iraq,

Hala S. Abdul Wahid

Professor, PhD, Community Health Nursing Department, College of Nursing, University
of Baghdad, Iraq

Ekhlas A. Hussein

Assistant Professor, PhD, Gynecologist and Obstetrician, College of Medicine, Al-Iraqia
University, Iraq

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Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

Fadia H. Ali, Hala S. Abdul Wahid, & Ekhlas A. Hussein. (2021). Impact of Pregnant Adolescents’ Knowledge about Preventive Health Behaviors during Pregnancy upon Pregnancy Outcomes in AL- Diwaniyah City. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(1), 1617–1623. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i1.17801