Emotional and Cognitive Impairment Among Cardiac Patients - A Narrative Review


  • Sarika M L
  • Sasmita Das
  • Suresh Kumar Behera




depression, cognitive impairment, stress, Acute Coronary Syndrome, heart failure, myocardial infarction


Cardiovascular disease is a major group of contributing 31% of global mortality rate. The lifestyle changes
are the key role to develop such diseases. The cardiovascular diseases are altering the life style practices and
need to change their routine life style. There are many related co morbidities that may arise after the cardiac
event. In which the emotional and cognitive co morbidities are making further risk to the subsequent cardiac
event. Therefore the correct and prompt treatment is needed for the prevention of the co morbidities. The main
aim of this narrative review is to find out the burden of emotional and cognitive impairment and to find out
the effect of relaxation technique on the reduction of the emotional and cognitive impairment among cardiac
patients. Mainly the online data sources including PubMed, PubMed central, Cochrane, Medline, Google
scholar were searched for the related studies. The main emotional imbalance are depression and stress.
In which depression is contributing the major role among cardiac patients. The major pathophysiological
changes after myocardial infarction that lea to the emotional and cognitive symptoms are due to the reduced
blood supply to brain and the anaerobic metabolism. There are different complimentary therapies are there
for the management of the emotional co morbidities. In which the relaxation therapy is very useful therapy
in the emotional imbalance management.

Author Biographies

  • Sarika M L

    PhD Nursing Scholar, SUM Nursing College, Siksha O Anusandhan DTU, Bhubaneswar

  • Sasmita Das

    Associate Dean, SUM Nursing College, Siksha O Anusandhan DTU, Bhubaneswar

  • Suresh Kumar Behera

    Professor and HOD, Department of Cardiology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha O Anusandhan DTU




How to Cite

Emotional and Cognitive Impairment Among Cardiac Patients - A Narrative Review. (2021). Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 3499-3506. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17882