Emotional and Cognitive Impairment among Cardiac Patients - A Narrative Review


  • Sarika M L
  • Sasmita Das
  • Suresh Kumar Behera




depression, cognitive impairment, stress, Acute Coronary Syndrome, heart failure, myocardial infarction


Cardiovascular disease is a major group of contributing 31% of global mortality rate. The lifestyle
changes are the key role to develop such diseases. The cardiovascular diseases are altering the life
style practices and need to change their routine life style. There are many related co morbidities that
may arise after the cardiac event. In which the emotional and cognitive co morbidities are making
further risk to the subsequent cardiac event. Therefore the correct and prompt treatment is needed for
the prevention of the co morbidities. The main aim of this narrative review is to find out the burden of
emotional and cognitive impairment and to find out the effect of relaxation technique on the reduction
of the emotional and cognitive impairment among cardiac patients. Mainly the online data sources
including PubMed, PubMed central, Cochrane, Medline, Google scholar were searched for the related
studies. The main emotional imbalance are depression and stress. In which depression is contributing the
major role among cardiac patients. The major pathophysiological changes after myocardial infarction
that lea to the emotional and cognitive symptoms are due to the reduced blood supply to brain and the
anaerobic metabolism. There are different complimentary therapies are there for the management of
the emotional co morbidities. In which the relaxation therapy is very useful therapy in the emotional
imbalance management.

Author Biographies

  • Sarika M L

    PhD Nursing Scholar, SUM Nursing College, Siksha O Anusandhan DTU, Bhubaneswar

  • Sasmita Das

    Associate Dean, SUM Nursing CollegeBhubaneswar

  • Suresh Kumar Behera

    Professor and HOD, Department of Cardiology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha O Anusandhan DTU, Bhubaneswar




How to Cite

Emotional and Cognitive Impairment among Cardiac Patients - A Narrative Review. (2022). Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(2), 358-365. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i2.17989