Pattern of Injuries in Fatal Head Trauma Due to Road Traffic Accidents
Keywords:Head injuries; intracranial hemorrhages; road traffic accident; skull fracture.
Background: Head trauma is considered to be the major cause of death in road traffic accidents. According to
world health organisation, about 1.24 million deaths occur due to road traffic crashes. Particularly, the treatments
for head injury in the older aged people seems to be more complicated when compared to younger and middle age
groups. The aim of this study is to analyse and identify the significance and outcome of head trauma due to road
traffic accidents of various age groups.
Methods: This study was conducted on Madras Medical College, in the Department of Forensic Medicine,
Chennai . a total of 200 fatal head injury case autopsies were performed. After obtaining the necessary and relevant
information about the deceased, a thorough autopsy was performed and the findings were recorded.
Result: Out of 200 cases, 83% were men and 44.5% were recorded to be between 31-50 age group. Fissure fracture
of skull was found to be most prevalent (40.5%) and subdural haemorrhage was the common findings in head
Conclusion: The resultsof our study showed that most of the people who had accidents were pedestrian and two
wheeler driving persons.
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