Covid-19 Risk Factors and Radiographic Severity Index Description in Covid-19 Patients Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang 2021

Authors

  • Alfian Hasbi
  • Budi Santoso
  • Anjeli Primeisa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i3.18251

Keywords:

COVID-19, Obesity; IMT; Chest-X-ray; radiography severity index.

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 is a pandemic disease caused by droplet infection from SARS-CoV-2. Due to its rapid
transmission and high case fatality rate, the identification of risk factors and prognostic factors is important.
Obesity is a risk factor for poor outcomes in COVID-19. It is associated with chronic inflammation, disorders of the
immune system. Obesity can be determined based on BMI. Chest X-Ray is supported in establishing the diagnosis
and prognosis of COVID-19 patients. Assessment of the severity index of Chest X-Ray radiographs can use the
Modified Chest X-Ray Scoring System of RSUP Dr. Soetomo. This study was conducted to analyze the relationship
between BMI and chest radiography severity index in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at dr. Mohammad Hoesin
Palembang in 2021.
Methods: This research used a cross-sectional analytic observational design. Sampling was done using a
consecutive sampling technique with 70 samples and obtained from the patient's medical record. The data were
analyzed by univariate and bivariate (Chi-Square) using IBM SPSS Statistics 26 software.
Results: Patients with BMI Overweight-Obesity had more in Moderate-Severe (18.6%) radiographic severity
index scores (18.6%) than Normal-Mild (15.7%). Chi-Square bivariate analysis, BMI (p=0.033; p-value <0.05) had
a significant relationship with the chest radiographic severity index with Odds Ratio 3,00, 95% CI (1,073–8,386).
Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between body mass index and chest radiography severity index in
COVID-19 patients. Overweight-Obesity BMI patients have a 3-fold chance of having a Moderate-Severe category
of radiographic severity index compared to Underweight-Normal BMI patients.

Author Biographies

Alfian Hasbi

Staff of the Physiology Section, Faculty of Medicine, Sriwijaya University

Budi Santoso

Medical Education Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Sriwijaya UniversityJl. Dr. Muhammad Ali Kompleks RSMH Palembang Km. 3,5, Palembang, Indonesia.

Anjeli Primeisa

Medical Education Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Sriwijaya UniversityJl. Dr. Muhammad Ali Kompleks RSMH Palembang Km.3,5, Palembang, Indonesia.

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Published

2022-07-04

How to Cite

Alfian Hasbi, Budi Santoso, & Anjeli Primeisa. (2022). Covid-19 Risk Factors and Radiographic Severity Index Description in Covid-19 Patients Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang 2021. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(3), 63–68. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i3.18251