Hematological Parameters Alteration in Thai Garlic Farmers Exposed to Mixed Pesticides
Keywords:Hematological change; Pesticides; Public Health; Toxicology; Agrochemicals.
Fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides are commonly agrochemicals used to eliminate pests during garlic
cultivation. Occupational exposure to mixed pesticides can cause hematological abnormalities. The aim of this
study was toassess the adverse effects of chronic mixed pesticide exposure in the garlic farmers by using the
hematological parameters. The blood sample was collected from 137 Thai farmers who chronically exposed to
mixed pesticide and 59 control group who were not a history of exposure to mixed pesticide. Complete Blood
Count (CBC) analysis was performed to investigate the hematological parameters alteration pattern of Thai
farmers. Statistical analysis also performed by using Mann-Whitney U test. Our investigations revealed thatthe
mean values of white blood cell (WBC) count, lymphocyte, basophil, platelet distribution width, mean platelet
volume and platelet large cell ratio significantly decreased in the chronic exposed group but did not affect when
compared with the normal reference ranges. The results clearly demonstrated that chronic exposure to the mixed
pesticides during garlic cultivation alters the hematological parameters. The farmers should be aware and check
their health to prevent the adverse effects from pesticide intoxication.
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